Footnotes for "The Greatest Modern Threat to Genuine Reproductive Freedom" by Elizabeth Liagin

  1. "$650 a Baby: Germany to Pay to Stem Decline in Births," New York Times, 25 November 1994, p. A3.
  2. World Population Data Sheet (Washington, D.C.: Population Reference Bureau, 1994).
  3. Maureen Lewis and Genevieve Kenney, "The Private Sector and Family Planning in Developing Countries". World Bank, Population and Human Resources (currently Population, Health and Nutrition), WPS 96 (September, 1988).
  4. "Population Patrol," The Progressive, September 1990, pp. 18-28.
  5. This point has been extensively documented. Examples include:Stephen W. Mosher, A Mother's Ordeal: One Woman's Fight Against China's One-child Policy (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1993); Robert Whelan, Choices in Childbearing: When Does Family Planning Become Population Control? (London: Committee on Population and the Economy, 1992).
  6. Wardah Hafidz, Adrina Taslim, and Sita Aripurnami, "Family Planning in Indonesia: The Case for Policy Re-orientation," Inside Indonesia (March 1992): 20.
  7. S. G. Kabra and Ramji Narayanan, "Sterilization Camps in India" Lancet, 335(8683):224-24 (27 January 1990).
  8. Ammu Joseph, "India's Population 'Bomb' Explodes Over Women," Ms., November/December 1992, 12. Ammu Joseph lives in Bangalore, India, and is a member of the Women's Health Forum there.
  9. Robert Whelan, Choices in Childbearing: When Does Family Planning Become Population Control? (London: Committee on Population and the Economy, 1992).
  10. "Vietnamese Doctors Test Quinacrine as Steriliser", Reuters (British newswire report), 23 July 1993, citing article in Lancet, a British medical journal.
  11. G. I. Zatuchni, J. D. Shelton, A. Goldsmith, and J. J. Sciarra, eds., Female Transcervical Sterilization (Philadelphia: Harper and Row, 1983): 151-50.
  12. H. Arshat, Ang-Eng-Suan, and Kwa-Siew-Kim, "Nonsurgical Female Sterilization with Quinacrine Pellets: Malaysian Experience," Malaysian Journal of Reproductive Health (December, 1987).
  13. A. El-Kady et al., "Histopathologic changes in the cornual portion of the fallopian tube following a single transcervical insertion of quinacrine hydrochloride pellets," Advances in Contraception (March, 1991).
  14. See note 10 above.
  15. B. Mullick, S. D. Mumford, and E. Kessel, "Studies of quinacrine and of tetracycline for non-surgical female sterilization", Advances in Contraception, 3(3) (September 1987): 245-54
  16. "Prospects for Nonsurgical Female Sterilization," International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 29 May 1989.
  17. Association for Voluntary Sterilization, consultant team trip report (Beijing, Chongqing, Wuhan, and Guangzhou, China; June 19-30, 1985) prepared by D. Huber, M. Fathalla, P. Gojaseni, M. Goldstein, J. Lippes, K. Minor, M. Rauff, J. Sciarra, and A. Rauff
  18. Robert Proctor, Racial Hygiene: Medicine Under the Nazis (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1988): 109.
  19. Whelan, p. 29
  20. International Science and Technology Institute,"Is Sterilization Voluntary in Bangladesh?" (report prepared for United States Agency for International Development, 12 September 1986) report. no. 85-60-040, see pp. iii (executive summary), 1, 6, 27-32.
  21. Ibid.
  22. Ibid.
  23. Germaine Greer, Sex and Destiny: The Politics of Human Fertility (New York: Harper and Row, 1984): 385
  24. "Voluntary Female Sterilization: Number One and Growing," Johns Hopkins Population Information Program, series C, no. 10, November 1990.
  25. Greer, p. 385.
  26. Paul Ehrlich and Anne H. Ehrlich, Population, Resources, Environment (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1970): 338-340.
  27. See note 16 above.
  28. Elton Kessel and Stephen D. Mumbord, "Potential demand for voluntary female sterilization in the 1980s: the compelling need for a nonsurgical method," International Fertility Research Program, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, for USAID, June 1982. Project No: 932000537.
  29. National Security Study Memorandum 100, U.S. National Security Council, December 10, 1974, p. 106-108, 116-120.
  30. Report of the Under Secretaries Committee, National Security Council, May 1976, see Annex 1, p. 26.
  31. E. A. Whitney, "Selective Sterilization," Birth Control Review, April 1933.
  32. C. O. McCormick, "Eugenic Sterilization," Birth Control Review, October, 1932
  33. John A. Ross and Stephen L. Isaacs, "Cost, Payments, and Incentives in Family Planning Programs," World Bank, Population and Human Resources (currently Population, Health and Nutrition), WPS 88 (September 1988):15.