Endnotes for "Our Religion Teaches Equality and Peace: Position Papers of the Muslim Women's League USA"

  1. Qur'an 9:71.

  2. Qur'an 3:195.

  3. Qur'an 4:1.

  4. See Qur'an 2:30-37.

  5. Qur'an 82:19.

  6. Qur'an 6:165.

  7. Qur'an 33:35.

  8. See Leila Ahmed, Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993).

  9. Qur'an 16:58-59.

  10. Qur'an 30:21.

  11. Qur'an 58:2-4.

  12. Qur'an 2:187.

  13. Qur'an 2:222.

  14. Qur'an 30:21.

  15. Imam Abul Hamid Al-Ghazzali (1058-1111 C. E. ), a Persian, was one of Islam's greatest scholars and writers. The reference here is to the chapter on marriage from his most famous work, Ihya ulum-id-din (Revival of Religious Learning), a treasury of Sufi wisdom. Sufism is an Islamic tradition that centers on direct mystical experience of the Divine. Imam Al-Ghazzali is also known for integrating the mysticism underlying the Qur'an with the insights of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Greek metaphysics.

  16. Qur'an 31:22.

  17. See again the chapter on marriage from Imam Al-Ghazzali, Ihya ulum-id-din.

  18. See Qur'an 22:4, 23:12-14. See also B. F. Musallam, Sex and Society in Islam (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).